Improvement of training quality in flight training industry is a continuous
demand for the participants. Flight simulation is an inevitable component of
practical flight training, the development of its subsystems can add new
features that serves the essential goal. Project NGFNPT develops an eye tracking
based platform for multi-crew flight decks to support regular Multi Crew
Cooperation trainings with advanced technology, providing objective measurement
data for flight instructors.
Despite the fact that flying is the safest transportation mode carrying more than 3
billion people safely every year, the aviation industry permanently seeks
improvements in technology, processes and skills to decrease the number and impact
of accidents. As the human factor is critical in ensuring safety, training of
excellent flight crew is getting more and more important.
Technologies related to evidence based training (EBT) have already been introduced in
the training regime, and handled as a fact across the industry. Simulator
manufacturers and operators are all preparing for the new regulation and are
creating (or even implementing) training programmes fitting to the new regime.
Frameworks of EBT are wide open. New technologies serving objective data collection
are welcome and available for implementation in simulation environments.
Although a certain number of scientific research projects deal with the measurement
of pilots’ skills and performance, objective measurement methods of pilots’ behavior
are not widely spread on the market yet. Currently the most widely applied
methodology is the observation and judgement of a trainer and the objective
recording of the actions the trainee is doing.
The results of the project NGFNPT creates the basis of a complex hardware and
software system that provides data for flight instructors throughout the entire
training. The eye tracking based solution helps the instructor evaluate the
level of procedure tracking by the flight crew. The excellence of practiced training
instructor is essential to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the members of
the flight crew, but objectively expressed data can point out the mistakes and
deficiencies and support them in grading of the skills. The system can be treated as
a third eye of the trainer during the examination of the trainees.
The simulation environment was built by integrating eye-tracking cameras into a multi
pilot flight deck, monitoring both pilots eye movement on the instruments and the
projected environment without disturbing the flight crew by wearing additional
equipment. The prototype of the system was installed in a FNPT II MCC level training
device, and the functionalities
were tested and evaluated during multi
crew cooperation and jet orientation training sessions with the consent of the
trainees. The tracking of the instrument scan of individuals has been evolved by
combining flying and non-flying pilots’ roles to evaluate performance of the crew
The implementation of the current monitoring system was transformed to a development
framework for the next stages of multi crew training support system that aims to
provide data for the following aspects of competency based grading system:
- Application of Procedures
- Flight Path Management – Automation
- Flight Path Management – Manual
- Leadership and Teamwork
- Problem-Solving and Decision-Making
- Situation Awareness
- Workload Management
The implementation and validation of the prototype of instrument scan monitoring
system was carried out within the scope of international EUREKA project “Next
generation flight navigation and procedure training device” (Project ID: E11178).
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